With integrated automation, the 6-axis robot pulls a tray out of the loading module, optionally scans an RFID chip with information about the workpieces, and places the workpieces in the swivel carrier. This enables loading and unloading to be carried out in parallel with machining time. After machining, the robot unloads the workpieces and places them back on the tray. Depending on the size of the workpiece and the cycle time of the machining, the capacity of the loading module is sufficient for a complete eight-hour shift and more. Manual intervention by operators is not necessary. The autonomous manufacturing cell can fully automatically produce, for example, impellers for turbochargers in full quantities, even during unmanned shifts. In combination with the MobileRob and a fully automated material flow, even longer periods without operator intervention are feasible. This significantly reduces personnel costs.